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The Virtual Academy provides resources related to the implementation of Urban Circular Bioeconomy solutions.
This includes handbooks, manuals, factsheets and videos on technologies and financial engineering for circular bio-economy projects.


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Due Diligence Standard Procedure for Urban Circular Bioeconomy Projects
Due Diligence Standard Procedure for Urban Circular Bioeconomy Projects
Using this Guidance, Project Promoters are de-risking and increasing the bankability of their projects. Cities and entrepreneurs are better prepared to prevent and mitigate some risks, if they want to keep having green funding and financing supports.
Circular strategies, Financing, Investment, Legislation

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HOOP guidelines for local and regional authorities
HOOP guidelines for local and regional authorities
The HOOP Guidelines will guide you through the key steps to identify, design, and implement innovative valorisation routes for urban biowaste and wastewater sludge. It summarises key recommendations, resources and tools to produce high-quality biowaste-based products and materials.
Circular strategies, Financing, Stakeholder engagement, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2| Developing Urban Circular Bioeconomy Investment Projects
Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2| Developing Urban Circular Bioeconomy Investment Projects
Discover how to overcome barriers and empower financial investments in circular bioeconomy solutions. Learn from the experiences of Miguel Angel Suarez Valdes from CETENMA and Jorge Rodrigues de Almeida, from RdA Climate Solutions in providing Project Development Assistance to 8 cities and regions.
Circular strategies, Financing, Investment

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Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2 | Evaluating and Improving Circular Bioeconomy
Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2 | Evaluating and Improving Circular Bioeconomy
Tune in for the second episode, discover how your city can enhance its circular bioeconomy performance. Marine Viale, from Bax and Company, and Hans Langeveld from Biomass Research B.V. present tools to assess progress and identify improvement areas.
Circular strategies, Urban metabolism

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Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2 | Collection and Valorisation of Urban Biowaste
Urban Circular Bioeconomy Webinar Series 2 | Collection and Valorisation of Urban Biowaste
Learn about cutting-edge technologies for bio-product production from biowaste and wastewater, from municipal representatives implementing innovative technologies in their territories: Elisa Gambuzzi, CETENMA, and Dr. Christoph Baumann, awm Abfallwirtschaftsbetriebe Münster.
Circular strategies, Collection, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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Developing urban circular bioeconomy investment projects: Tools and resources for cities and regions
Developing urban circular bioeconomy investment projects: Tools and resources for cities and regions
There is a growing demand for circular bioeconomy solutions that can mitigate the emissions and consumption of virgin raw materials. This manual presents tools and resources to help develop urban circular bioeconomy investment projects
Circular business models, Financing, Investment, Pilot projects

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Collection and valorisation of urban biowaste: Tools and resources for cities and regions
Collection and valorisation of urban biowaste: Tools and resources for cities and regions
Biowaste (i.e. food and garden waste) is a key waste stream in the transition towards a circular economy. This manual provides tools and resources for cities and regions looking to better collect and valorise biowaste.
Circular strategies, Collection, Households, Incentives, OFMSW, Pilot projects, Pretreatment, Sorting, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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The EIB Circular Economy Guide
The EIB Circular Economy Guide
The guide presents how the EIB supports the circular economy through financing, advisory and awareness raising.
Financing, Incentives, Investment

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Improving access to finance for circular economy projects
Improving access to finance for circular economy projects
To improve the conditions for financing circular economy projects, the European Commission Expert Group on Circular Economy Financing analysed barriers and identified the main areas where incentives need to be provided.
Financing, Investment

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Understanding Open Market Consultation
Understanding Open Market Consultation
Open Market Consultation is an important step in the procurement of innovation. This online webinar is tailored specifically for public procurers interested in gaining a comprehensive understanding of what an Open Market Consultation entails.
Financing, Innovation procurement, Investment

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Project Development Assistance Webinar | HOOP
Project Development Assistance Webinar | HOOP
In this webinar, HOOP partners share their methodologies, experiences, encountered barriers and learnings on the Project Development Assistance (PDA) for building the technical, economic and legal expertise needed for project development and the launch of concrete investments.
Financing, Valorisation technologies

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HOOP Trainers Report: Western Macedonia Region outcomes
HOOP Trainers Report: Western Macedonia Region outcomes
Study Results of a Citizen Science program applied in the region of Western Macedonia to gain a deeper understanding of the citizens’ perspectives on biowaste separation, their acceptance of products derived from it, and their proposals for building a more circular region.
Behaviour change, Citizen awareness, Citizen science

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HOOP Trainers Report: outcomes obtained in Murcia
HOOP Trainers Report: outcomes obtained in Murcia
Study Results of a Citizen Science program applied in Murcia to gain a deeper understanding of the citizens’ perspectives on biowaste separation, their acceptance of products derived from it, and their proposals for building a more circular city.
Behaviour change, Citizen awareness, Citizen science

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HOOP Trainers Report: Region of Lazio outcomes
HOOP Trainers Report: Region of Lazio outcomes
Study Results of a Citizen Science program applied in the Region of Lazio to gain a deeper understanding of the citizens’ perspectives on biowaste separation, their acceptance of products derived from it, and their proposals for building a more circular region.
Behaviour change, Circular strategies, Citizen awareness

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Circular Evaluation Framework Guidance Report
Circular Evaluation Framework Guidance Report
The document describes a standardized assessment, questionnaire, and ranking of six levels tool designed to gauge the maturity level of projects based on several criteria. The goal is to enhance their maturity and attractiveness for securing green financing and funding for implementation.
Circular business models, Financing

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HOOP Trainers Report: outcomes obtained in Münster
HOOP Trainers Report: outcomes obtained in Münster
Study Results of a Citizen Science program applied in Münster to gain a deeper understanding of the citizens’ perspectives on biowaste separation, their acceptance of products derived from it, and their proposals for building a more circular region.
Behaviour change, Citizen awareness, Citizen science

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HOOP financial tools to provide technical assistance for urban circular bioeconomy projects
HOOP financial tools to provide technical assistance for urban circular bioeconomy projects
This paper presents the HOOP financial tools that have been developed to support cities and regions to develop urban bioeconomy projects
Circular business models, Financing, Innovation procurement, Investment

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Circular Business Models - Existing and emerging forms of value retention and creation
Circular Business Models - Existing and emerging forms of value retention and creation
This Whitepaper presents a series of existing and emerging circular business models (CBMs), divided into three groups that together form a classification. Better design and organisation of a CBM contributes to the transformation and transition towards a sustainable and circular economy.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Incentives to boost the Circular Economy - A guide for public authorities
Incentives to boost the Circular Economy - A guide for public authorities
This guidance document commissioned by DG RTD aims at supporting public authorities in identifying the most suited incentive or combination of incentives to speed up the transition towards a circular economy at EU, National, Regional or Local level.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Consumer acceptance, Financing, Incentives, Innovation procurement, Investment

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Circular Economy policy innovation and good practice in Member States
Circular Economy policy innovation and good practice in Member States
The European Commission requested the EEA to produce EU27 country profiles on circular economy policies at a national level and best practices on policy innovation. This report provides an overview of the main findings of the 27 circular economy country profiles.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Completing the picture - How the circular economy tackles climate change
Completing the picture - How the circular economy tackles climate change
This is a republication of a paper first published in 2019 with the same name. It is reprinted now to make the case at COP26 that the circular economy is a crucial element of the global response to climate change.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Circular Indicators for Governments - Accelerating action in the circular economy
Circular Indicators for Governments - Accelerating action in the circular economy
PACE is a global community of leaders working together to accelerate the transition to a circular economy. In this paper a series of improvement areas for immediate action on circular economy are presented.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Circular Cities Declaration Report 2022
Circular Cities Declaration Report 2022
The Circular Cities Declaration has been set up to support cities in their transition from a linear to a circular economy. The Report 2022 analyses the first submissions by 40 cities signatories on their circular activities (2021-2022) including key activities, interventions and challenges.
Behaviour change, Circular business models, Circular strategies, Citizen awareness, Citizen science, Consumer acceptance, Stakeholder engagement

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Developing Circular Economy Strategies in Europe - Best practices
Developing Circular Economy Strategies in Europe - Best practices
This working paper developed by The Joint Assistance to Support Projects in European Regions (JASPERS) builds on the 70+ circular economy strategies developed in Europe as of May 2021. The strategies were analysed in terms of inception, development, and implementation and monitoring:
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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The Circularity Gap Report 2022
The Circularity Gap Report 2022
The 2022 edition of the Circularity Gap Report provides high level insights into the globe’s material flows and key levers for transitioning to circularity. It also supports decision-makers with clear metrics, global data and a measurement of the circular economy to guide their action.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Bacillus thuringiensis Production Through Fermentation Using OFMSW Enzymatic Hydrolysate
Bacillus thuringiensis Production Through Fermentation Using OFMSW Enzymatic Hydrolysate
This paper aims to explore an alternative pathway to valorize OFMSW. It is based on enzymatic hydrolysis to obtain a sugar-rich fraction with the potential for liquid fermentative processes and a partially hydrolyzed solid that is evaluated as a substrate for solid-state fermentation.
OFMSW, Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR Project - Best practices for biowaste management
SCALIBUR Project - Best practices for biowaste management
The SCALIBUR Project collected best practices on different topic related to biowaste management: among them, collection, transport, and social awareness.
Circular strategies, Citizen awareness, Collection, Consumer acceptance, Stakeholder engagement, Valorisation technologies

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Key factors for the successful implementation of urban biowaste selective collection schemes
Key factors for the successful implementation of urban biowaste selective collection schemes
This agreement provides guidance for the implementation of biowaste selective collection schemes, and paves the way to increase citizen engagement, as this is crucial for the successful implementation of urban biowaste selective collection schemes.
Citizen awareness, Collection, Stakeholder engagement, Valorisation technologies

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VALUEWASTE Project - EU Policy on biowaste management: a review
VALUEWASTE Project - EU Policy on biowaste management: a review
This report provides an overview on the current European biowaste policy framework and related management practices: separated collection efficiency, disposal and valorisation methods, and recycled amounts.
Collection, Valorisation technologies

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HOOP Project - Novel Circular Business Models applied in the value chain of bio-waste valorisation
HOOP Project - Novel Circular Business Models applied in the value chain of bio-waste valorisation
This report focuses on the identification of CBMs for bio-waste valorisation and the development of a CBM typology, which will be able to incorporate also other business cases of bio-waste valorisation in the future.
Circular business models, Valorisation technologies

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Unlocking New Value from Urban Biowaste: LCA of the VALUEWASTE Biobased Products
Unlocking New Value from Urban Biowaste: LCA of the VALUEWASTE Biobased Products
VALUEWASTE offers a sustainable solution to transform biowaste into added-value bioproducts. This study focused on the environmental impacts linked to obtaining these bioproducts, performing a LCA and using the Environmental Footprint methodology.
Circular strategies, Valorisation technologies

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WaysTUP Report on barriers for urban biowaste valorisation for biobased products
WaysTUP Report on barriers for urban biowaste valorisation for biobased products
This reports on the technological, the logistical, the regulatory and the cultural barriers related to urban biowaste valorisation for biobased products.
Behaviour change, Circular business models, Circular strategies, Valorisation technologies

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VALUEWASTE project’s first insights on new business models in circular economy
VALUEWASTE project’s first insights on new business models in circular economy
This report describes the circular economy Business model creation processes for the three value chains of the VALUEWASTE project.
Behaviour change, Circular business models, Circular strategies, Financing

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SCALIBUR Project Biowaste collection strategies
SCALIBUR Project Biowaste collection strategies
This presentation illustrates the biowaste collection strategies implemented in the SCALIBUR pilot cities Albano Laziale (IT), Lund (SE), Madrid (ES), Kozani (GR) and outlines challenges, solutions, and best practices.
Collection, Pilot projects, Sorting

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WaysTUP Evaluation methodology for measuring change in the collection of urban biowaste
WaysTUP Evaluation methodology for measuring change in the collection of urban biowaste
In this report, the evaluation methodology measuring the change associated with the behaviour change intervention (consisting of the implementation of the toolkit for behaviour change in three pilot cities, Valencia, Athens and Barcelona) is described.
Behaviour change, Citizen awareness, Consumer acceptance, Pilot projects, Stakeholder engagement

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Water in the Circular Economy policy development
Water in the Circular Economy policy development
Based on the outcomes of Water Projects Europe, the European Commission published the ‘Water in the Circular Economy policy development’ Report presenting how Horizon 2020–projects can contribute to EU legislation on the topic.
Circular strategies, Pilot projects, Wastewater

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Policy Briefs to foster water reuse in Europe
Policy Briefs to foster water reuse in Europe
This document, produced by the SUWANU project, present four critical domains for a successful implementation of reused water in agriculture: governance, public, financing, risk management. It aims at supporting the adoption of water reuse in an environmentally sustainable farming practice.
Financing, Wastewater

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Zero Waste Europe_How to best collect bio-waste
Zero Waste Europe_How to best collect bio-waste
Guidance for municipalities on the best-performing methods to separately collect bio-waste.
Collection, Households, OFMSW, Stakeholder engagement

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Urban metabolism of HOOP Lighthouses
Urban metabolism of HOOP Lighthouses
Urban Metabolism analysis is an analytical instrument to quantify flows of food, water and generated biowaste. In the eight HOOP cities and regions about 60 % of the biowaste is treated by AD and or composting. A high proportion of biowaste still ends up in the mixed municipal waste.
Urban metabolism

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HOOP project_Novel Circular Business Models applied in the value chain of bio-waste valorisation
HOOP project_Novel Circular Business Models applied in the value chain of bio-waste valorisation
This report focuses on the identification of Circular Business Models for bio-waste valorisation.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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HOOP project_ Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume III)
HOOP project_ Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume III)
The Volume III of the Investment Package Manual presents a selection and inventory of funding and financing schemes, programmes, instruments and tools for investment projects on circular bioeconomy and bioenergy at National and Regional levels.
Circular business models, Financing, Investment, OFMSW, Wastewater

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HOOP project_Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume II)
HOOP project_Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume II)
The Volume II of the Investment Package Manual guides the reader through the selection and inventory of funding and financing schemes, programmes, instruments and tools for investment projects on circular bioeconomy and bioenergy at European level.
Financing, Incentives, Legislation, Innovation procurement

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HOOP project_Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume I)
HOOP project_Investment Package Manual for European Cities and Regions (Volume I)
The Investment Package Manual Volume I presents the description of the EU Taxonomy concepts, methodology, objectives, technical screening criteria and DNSH (“do no significant harm”) applied to economic activities linked to the circular bioeconomy.
Financing, Investment, Legislation

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HOOP project_Webinar New business models
HOOP project_Webinar New business models
Prevailing business models are overwhelmingly linear and do not often consider the benefits of circularity, which can be hard to quantify. This webinar shares existing and successful innovative circular economy business models for urban circular bioeconomy.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Financing, Investment

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HOOP project_Webinar Selective Collection of Urban Biowaste
HOOP project_Webinar Selective Collection of Urban Biowaste
Soon to be a requirement across the EU, separate collection of urban biowaste is a prerequisite for the implementation of urban bioeconomy. In this webinar technical experts and municipal representatives discuss common pitfalls and good practices for collecting a high quality organic fraction.
Collection, Sorting

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HOOP project_Webinar Selective Collection of Urban Biowaste
HOOP project_Webinar Selective Collection of Urban Biowaste
Soon to be a requirement across the EU, separate collection of urban biowaste is a prerequisite for the implementation of urban bioeconomy. In this webinar technical experts and municipal representatives discuss common pitfalls and good practices for collecting a high quality organic fraction.
Collection, Sorting, Valorisation technologies

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HOOP project_Insect larvae farmed on biowaste or agri-food by-products
HOOP project_Insect larvae farmed on biowaste or agri-food by-products
Some insects can be safely included in feed and food formulations. Species like Tenebrio Molitor and Hermetia Illucensis are farmed with different substrates. Their bodies provide high-quality nutrients and chitin with a much lower environmental impact than traditional value chain processes.
Valorisation technologies

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HOOP project_Nutrients recovered from residual dewatering liquid from anaerobic digestion
HOOP project_Nutrients recovered from residual dewatering liquid from anaerobic digestion
Struvite (MgNHPO4·H2O) and ammonium sulphate [(NH4)2SO4] are compounds used as fertilizers and they can be recovered from residual dewatering liquid of anaerobic digestion.
OFMSW, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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HOOP project_Volatile fatty acids from acidogenic digestion of solid biowaste
HOOP project_Volatile fatty acids from acidogenic digestion of solid biowaste
Volatile fatty acids such as acetic, propionic or butyric acids are used for many applications in the chemical and petrochemical industry. Currently, they are mainly obtained from petrochemical resources, but they can be also produced from organic wastes through acidogenic digestion.
Valorisation technologies

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HOOP project_Fermentation of used cooking oils (UCOs)
HOOP project_Fermentation of used cooking oils (UCOs)
Waste cooking oil is a rich carbon source for bacteria, which is utilized in their metabolism to synthesize the fully biodegradable, non-toxic and biocompatible P3HB (a Polyhydroxyalkanoate - PHA). It has applications in cosmetics, biomedicine, packaging, agriculture and in 3D printing.
Collection, Valorisation technologies

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HOOP project_Webinar Technologies for urban biowaste and wastewater valorisation
HOOP project_Webinar Technologies for urban biowaste and wastewater valorisation
Many innovative processes are currently under development to valorise the Organic Fraction of Municipal Waste (OFMSW) and Urban Wastewater Sludge (UWWS) into added-value products. This webinar highlights some of the most promising technologies currently emerging from EU-funded research projects.
Valorisation technologies

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URBIOFIN project_From Urban Waste to Bioproducts
URBIOFIN project_From Urban Waste to Bioproducts
The URBIOFIN project offers a new model for Organic Municipal Solid Waste management, based on the Urban Biorefinery concept. This factsheets briefly outlines and business benefits of such a model.
Circular business models, OFMSW, Valorisation technologies

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Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 3: Going beyond just recycling to total tackle waste generation
Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 3: Going beyond just recycling to total tackle waste generation
This publication is part of a series of scenarios written by Zero Waste Europe to give guidance to municipalities willing to adopt a local zero waste strategy. This third and last report focuses on cities with high separate collection rate, between 50% and 70%.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Collection, Sorting

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Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 2: Stepping-up the existing system to go towards zero waste
Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 2: Stepping-up the existing system to go towards zero waste
This publication is part of a series of scenarios written by Zero Waste Europe to give guidance to municipalities willing to adopt a local zero waste strategy. This second report focuses on cities with a separate collection rate between 30% and 50%.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Collection, Sorting

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Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 1: Starting from scratch to quickly improve waste management
Zero Waste Europe_Scenario 1: Starting from scratch to quickly improve waste management
This publication is part of a series of scenarios written by Zero Waste Europe to give guidance to municipalities willing to adopt a local zero waste strategy. This first report focuses on cities with a collection of biowaste between 0 and 20%.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Collection, Sorting

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WBCSD_Business guide to circular water management: spotlight on reduce, reuse and recycle
WBCSD_Business guide to circular water management: spotlight on reduce, reuse and recycle
This report aims to help companies in developing strategies to respond to challenges of water availability by implementing circular water management practices.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Wastewater

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WaysTUP! project_Business Models Analysis
WaysTUP! project_Business Models Analysis
This report, published by the WaysTUP! project, gathers and analyses relevant information about circular business models and their importance.
Circular business models

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WaysTUP! project_Market Outlook Report
WaysTUP! project_Market Outlook Report
This report is a direct outcome of Task 6.1 Analysis of market outlook. Overall, the scope of the market outlook is focused on the market drivers and barriers to entry for technologies and end-products stemming from the Project’s Pilots.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Legislation, Pilot projects

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ACR+_The governance of circular bioeconomy: Practices and lessons learnt from European regions
ACR+_The governance of circular bioeconomy: Practices and lessons learnt from European regions
In collaboration with the French Pays de la Loire region, ACR+ set up a working group on circular bioeconomy with a particular focus on governance. The objective is to support public authorities in the development of local or regional roadmaps on circular bioeconomy.
Circular strategies, Incentives, Investment, Innovation procurement, Stakeholder engagement

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SCALIBUR project_How Lund became a circular economy pioneer
SCALIBUR project_How Lund became a circular economy pioneer
Back in the 1990’s, 60% of waste went to landfill in the Swedish city of Lund. Today it’s less than 2%, and the region is a pioneer of the burgeoning circular economy. How did they do it?
Behaviour change, Circular strategies, Citizen awareness, Collection, Sorting

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ICLEI_The Power of the Public Plate
ICLEI_The Power of the Public Plate
This document provides a collection of actionable recommendations for procurers and policy makers towards procuring food with a value chain perspective.
Circular strategies, Innovation procurement

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City Loops project_Sector-wide circularity assessment. Biomass sector
City Loops project_Sector-wide circularity assessment. Biomass sector
This report provides contextual information on the four different CityLoops cities (Apeldoorn, Mikkeli, Porto and Seville) and their biomass sectors.
Urban metabolism

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City Loops project_Seville (Spain): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
City Loops project_Seville (Spain): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
The City Loops project developed a Sector-Wide Circularity Assessment method to assess the circularity level of biomass in cities. This report presents the results in the city of Seville (Spain).
Urban metabolism

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City Loops project_Urban Circularity Assessment
City Loops project_Urban Circularity Assessment
The Urban Circularity Assessment is an urban, economy-wide material flow and stock accounting method, which paired with indicators, will enable the assessment of material circularity of a municipality or city.
Urban metabolism

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City Loops_Apeldoorn (The Netherlands): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
City Loops_Apeldoorn (The Netherlands): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
The City Loops project developed a Sector-Wide Circularity Assessment method to assess the circularity level of biomass in cities. This report presents the results in the city of Apeldoorn (The Netherlands).
Urban metabolism

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City Loops_Porto (Portugal): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
City Loops_Porto (Portugal): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
The City Loops project developed a Sector-Wide Circularity Assessment method to assess the circularity level of biomass in cities. This report presents the results in the city of Porto (Portugal).
Urban metabolism

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City Loops_Mikkeli (Finland): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
City Loops_Mikkeli (Finland): Sector-wide circularity assessment for the biomass sector
The City Loops project developed a Sector-Wide Circularity Assessment method to assess the circularity level of biomass in cities. This report presents the results in the city of Mikkeli (Finland).
Urban metabolism

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City Loops_Apeldoorn (The Netherlands): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
City Loops_Apeldoorn (The Netherlands): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
Apeldoorn collects over 56,000 tonnes of household waste yearly, around 38% of which is bio-waste. Within CityLoops, the municipality aims to further investigate how to process and/or collect biomass and introduce new processing methods and business models.
Circular business models, Collection, Pilot projects, Sorting, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies

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City Loops_Seville (Spain): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
City Loops_Seville (Spain): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
Seville aims to divert as much waste from landfill as possible and instead use the bio-waste fractions of municipal solid waste for higher value purposes. The diagnosis and characterisation of the current situation of the flow of organic matter is the starting point.
Collection, OFMSW, Pilot projects, Sorting, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies

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City Loops project_Mikkeli (Finland): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
City Loops project_Mikkeli (Finland): Optimised Implementation Plan – Biowaste
Only 38% of the 6,900 tonnes of bio-waste Mikkeli’s citizens produce yearly is recycled, mainly as compost. Consequently, Mikkeli’s aim within CityLoops is to improve the recovery of nutrients from bio-waste streams into recycled products.
Collection, Pilot projects, Sorting, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies

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City Loops project_Smart collection system tool
City Loops project_Smart collection system tool
Seeking to improve its waste collection practices to separate bio-waste more effectively, Porto implements a Smart Collection System tool based on a mathematical model that will integrate data from the new installed set of smart sensor containers with the transportation trucks.
Collection

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City Loops project_OMSW flow optimisation tool
City Loops project_OMSW flow optimisation tool
Software tool for municipalities to model possible scenarios for separate collection of biowaste considering the data on biowaste material flows and quality collected.
Collection

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Metabolic_Exploring circular solutions in the waste system
Metabolic_Exploring circular solutions in the waste system
This report, published by Metabolic, provides a waste analysis of the Capital Region of Denmark.
Circular strategies, Collection, Sorting, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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SCALIBUR project_Sensors for biowaste degradation monitoring
SCALIBUR project_Sensors for biowaste degradation monitoring
How to monitor the level of degradation of biowaste, in order to prioritise its collection and provide biorefineries with higher-quality feedstock?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Optimised insect fractionation for food and feed applications
SCALIBUR project_Optimised insect fractionation for food and feed applications
How to retrieve the most suitable insect protein for food and feed applications?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Optimised enzyme cocktail to valorise OFMSW
SCALIBUR project_Optimised enzyme cocktail to valorise OFMSW
How to optimise the extraction of sugars from biowaste, to better valorise this highly valuable waste stream?
OFMSW, Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Optimised anaerobic digestion process
SCALIBUR project_Optimised anaerobic digestion process
How to improve the anaerobic digestion process, in order to better valorise sewage sludge?
Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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SCALIBUR project_Novel biopesticide from organic waste
SCALIBUR project_Novel biopesticide from organic waste
How to create an efficient pesticide that does not harm the environment?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Monitoring system for bio-waste treatment
SCALIBUR project_Monitoring system for bio-waste treatment
How to monitor the level of purity of biowaste, in order to provide biorefineries with a satisfaying constant feedstock?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Insect rearing plant
SCALIBUR project_Insect rearing plant
Is there a sustainable way to feed the growing human population that also allows a true valorisation of food waste?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Insect proteins for feed applications
SCALIBUR project_Insect proteins for feed applications
What substitute to traditional protein sources can be used, to ensure farm animals’ feeds are more sustainable?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Extraction of sustainable sugars from organic waste
SCALIBUR project_Extraction of sustainable sugars from organic waste
How can the extraction of sugars from biowaste be optimised, to ensure a broader market uptake of this revalorisation process?
Valorisation technologies

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ECN Data Report 2022_Compost and Digestate for a Circular Bioeconomy
ECN Data Report 2022_Compost and Digestate for a Circular Bioeconomy
Overview of bio-waste collection, treatment and markets across Europe, with a special focus on compost and digestate.
Sorting, Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Biopolymer (PHA) from sewage sludge & organic residues
SCALIBUR project_Biopolymer (PHA) from sewage sludge & organic residues
As the demand for bioplastic grows, how to produce it in a sustainable way?
Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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SCALIBUR project_Biopesticides from solid state fermentation
SCALIBUR project_Biopesticides from solid state fermentation
After OFMSW is subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis, how can we valorise the solid residues?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Bioelectrochemical conversion of CO2
SCALIBUR project_Bioelectrochemical conversion of CO2
How to convert the CO2, in order not to release it into the environment?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Bio-based biodegradable plastic from OFMSW
SCALIBUR project_Bio-based biodegradable plastic from OFMSW
How to produce a bio-plastic as environmentally sustainable as possible?
Valorisation technologies

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SCALIBUR project_Best practices for biowaste management
SCALIBUR project_Best practices for biowaste management
In order to help cities improve their management of biowaste, SCALIBUR partners identified best practices for selective collection, transport, sorting and pre-treatment, and characterisation of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), HORECA and retail waste and sewage sludge.
Collection, Stakeholder engagement

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SCALIBUR project_Algorithm for logistics optimisation
SCALIBUR project_Algorithm for logistics optimisation
How to optimise the collection of biowaste, to ensure biorefineries have access to a uniform & high-quality feedstock?
Collection

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OECD_Realising the Circular Bioeconomy
OECD_Realising the Circular Bioeconomy
This OECD report explore the synergies between bioeconomy and circular economy.
Collection, OFMSW, Valorisation technologies

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PERCAL project_Conversion routes of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste
PERCAL project_Conversion routes of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste
The PERCAL project, funded by the BBI JU, presents an opportunity to exploit Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a feedstock to develop intermediate chemical products at high yield and low impurity level with huge industrial interest.
OFMSW, Valorisation technologies

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Biomass for the Circular Economy
Biomass for the Circular Economy
This report provides an overview of the types of biomass and biomass availability on the scale of the Netherlands, Europe and the world, and the available technologies for converting biomass into a range of useful products.
Valorisation technologies

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Zero Waste Europe_Reducing food waste at the local level
Zero Waste Europe_Reducing food waste at the local level
This report, published by Zero Waste Europe together with Slow Food, aims at providing support to local municipalities to help reduce food waste through a holistic approach enabling the transition towards a sustainable food system.
Circular strategies, OFMSW

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Zero Waste Europe_The State of Zero Waste Municipalities Report 2021
Zero Waste Europe_The State of Zero Waste Municipalities Report 2021
This report aims to celebrate the stories of Europe’s Zero Waste Cities; to showcase the leaders behind these successes; and to inspire others to follow down the same path.
Circular business models, Circular strategies

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Mission Zero Academy_Zero Waste Certified City
Mission Zero Academy_Zero Waste Certified City
Led by the Mission Zero Academy, the Zero Waste Cities Certification is a tool to accelerate and certify your city’s circular economy and zero waste transition.
Circular business models, Citizen awareness

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URBACT_Performance in policy-making
URBACT_Performance in policy-making
Readers will be guided through the process of policy making cycle by addressing evidence-based objectives, choosing the measurement criteria (indicators) and way to apply them to monitor, evaluate and improve sustainable urban development policies.

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URBACT_Capacity-Building Framework
URBACT_Capacity-Building Framework
The overarching objective of the URBACT Programme is for urban practitioners to increase their knowledge and capacities in relation to integrated approaches to sustainable urban development.

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European Commission_Monitoring framework for the circular economy
European Commission_Monitoring framework for the circular economy
In 2018, the European Commission published a communication on a monitoring framework for the circular economy. This framework is made of ten indicators grouped into four aspects: (1) production and consumption, (2) waste management, (3) secondary raw materials and (4) competitiveness and innovation.
Legislation

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VALUEWASTE project_Kalundborg-Symbiosis: Successful case and role in ValueWaste
VALUEWASTE project_Kalundborg-Symbiosis: Successful case and role in ValueWaste
This report describes more than 40 years of experiences in Kalundborg working with industrial symbioses.
Circular business models, Collection, Sorting, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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Zero Waste Europe_The story of Milan (Italy)
Zero Waste Europe_The story of Milan (Italy)
In 2011, the city of Milan (Italy) took the decision to upgrade its waste management strategy by adopting a comprehensive approach to separately collect food waste. Ten years later, the city is one of the world leading examples regarding food waste collection.
Collection, Sorting

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Zero Waste Europe_The story of Pontevedra (Spain)
Zero Waste Europe_The story of Pontevedra (Spain)
Thanks to decentralised composting the province of Pontevedra went from providing no options for bio-waste to a comprehensive and community-based system.
Collection, Sorting, Valorisation technologies

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WaysTUP project_Catalogue of urban biowaste solutions and good practices examples
WaysTUP project_Catalogue of urban biowaste solutions and good practices examples
The aim of this report is to show a catalogue of urban biowaste valorisation solutions and good practices that are taking place in the different European countries.
Collection, Pilot projects, Pretreatment, Sorting, Valorisation technologies, Wastewater

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WaysTUP project_Report on urban biowaste composition & physicochemical characteristics
WaysTUP project_Report on urban biowaste composition & physicochemical characteristics
After having established a common laboratory analysis protocol and methodology for executing waste analysis campaigns in deliverable 1.1, this report (deliverable 1.2) aims to report upon urban biowaste composition and physicochemical characteristics based on this common protocol.
Collection, Pilot projects, Sorting

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WaysTUP project_Laboratory analysis protocol and methodology for executing WAC
WaysTUP project_Laboratory analysis protocol and methodology for executing WAC
The objective of this report is to outline the development of a representative methodology for the conduction of Waste Analysis Campaigns (WACs) of all different types of urban biowaste that are used as feedstocks for the biobased products within the WaysTUP! project.
Collection, Pretreatment, Sorting

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Zero Waste Europe_Community Composting: A Practical Guide for Local Management of Biowaste
Zero Waste Europe_Community Composting: A Practical Guide for Local Management of Biowaste
This report is a guide for the implementation of community composting.
Collection, Households, Sorting

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Ellen MacArthur Foundation_Cities and circular economy for food
Ellen MacArthur Foundation_Cities and circular economy for food
This report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation highlights the critical importance of cities in triggering the shift towards a regenerative system fit for the long term.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Urban metabolism

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EEA_Bio-waste in Europe — turning challenges into opportunities
EEA_Bio-waste in Europe — turning challenges into opportunities
This report provides an overview of bio-waste prevention, generation, collection and treatment in Europe. It aims to support countries by sharing experience and best practice.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Collection, Legislation, Sorting, Urban metabolism, Valorisation technologies

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Circle Economy_The Role of Municipal Policy in the Circular Economy
Circle Economy_The Role of Municipal Policy in the Circular Economy
This report explores the connection between municipalities pursuing circular economy policy and investments in circular business that create jobs. Municipal circular policies, especially strategy, targets, loans and subsidies, are conducive to generating employment.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Financing, Incentives, Investment

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WBCSD_Circular bioeconomy: The business opportunity contributing to a sustainable world
WBCSD_Circular bioeconomy: The business opportunity contributing to a sustainable world
The shift to a sustainable, low-carbon, circular bioeconomy represents a business opportunity worth USD $7.7 trillion. This report supports companies through case studies and guidance to overcome the sustainability trade-offs associated with circular bioeconomy business models.
Circular business models, Circular strategies, Investment

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EIB_Access-to-Finance Conditions for Investments in Bio-Based Industries and the Blue Economy
EIB_Access-to-Finance Conditions for Investments in Bio-Based Industries and the Blue Economy
The study collects information on the investment and access-to-finance conditions for Bio-based Industries and Blue Economy projects and companies in the European Union, and evaluates the need and potential for dedicated public financial instruments as well as for other policy actions.
Financing, Incentives, Investment

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Urban Agenda for the EU_Indicators for circular economy transition in cities
Urban Agenda for the EU_Indicators for circular economy transition in cities
This Issues and mapping paper on indicators for circular economy (CE) transition in cities was developed under the framework of the Urban Agenda and the Partnership on Circular Economy.
Circular strategies, Urban metabolism

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Ellen MacArthur Foundation_Cities and Circular Economy for Food
Ellen MacArthur Foundation_Cities and Circular Economy for Food
This report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation aims to highlight the often underappreciated role urban food actors can play in driving food system transformation, and to spark a global public-private effort to build a circular economy for food.
Circular business models, OFMSW, Sorting, Urban metabolism

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Zero Waste Europe_Bio-waste generation in the EU: Current capture  levels and future potential
Zero Waste Europe_Bio-waste generation in the EU: Current capture levels and future potential
This report estimates the current and future availability of bio-waste in the EU28. There are two major types of bio-waste: garden and food waste. This report focuses on food waste in particular, although calculations also cover bio-waste as a whole.
Collection, OFMSW, Sorting, Valorisation technologies

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HOOP Consortium:
HOOP Consortium:
CETENMA
ITENE
Agricultores de la Vega de Valencia (SAV)
DRAXIS
Nafigate
Cetaqua
Biomass research
ACR+
Greenovate
Sciece for Change
SUSTENTEPOPEIA UNIPESSOAL LDA
COLLABORATING CENTRE ON SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND
PRODUCTION GGMBH (CSCP)
RdA Climate Solutions
Bax & Company
Sara Bedin
Savonia UAS
BIR
GEMEENTE ALMERE
Anci Lazio
Gestão, tratamento e valorização de resíduos (Lipor)
The Cluster of Bioeconomy and Environment of Western Macedonia (CLuBE)
Ayuntamiento de Murcia
STADT MUNSTER (AWM)